SPAIN - BASIC FACTS

Spain, or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a country located in south western Europe on the Iberian[1]Peninsula.

The Spanish mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean[2]Sea, to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay[3]of[4]Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic[5]Ocean and Portugal.

With an area of 504,030 km², Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe (behind France) and with an average altitude of 650m, the second highest country in Europe (behind Switzerland).

The Capital of Spain is Madrid with a population of 3,092,759. The official language is Spanish (español, throughout the whole territory of Spain). Other dialects of Spanish are, Catalan (castellano, in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and in the Valencian Community, known in the latter officially as Valencian), Basque (euskera, in the Basque Country and Navarre), Galician (galego) in Galicia, Valencian (valenciano, in Valencian region).

Because of the many dialects in the different regions, one may understand the language in one region, but have trouble understanding in another.

The currency, since 2004, is the Euro.