SPAIN - CULTURE

The culture of Spain has roots in Iberian and Latin influences, Catholicism, Moorish Islam, tension between the centralized Castilian state and its regions, and its minority peoples. In addition, the history of the nation and its Mediterranean climate and geography have played strong roles in shaping its culture.

Religion

Roman Catholicism is, by far, the most popular religion in the country. About 94.0% Spaniards self-identify as Catholics, whereas 6% identify with either other religions or none at all. It is important to note, however, that many Spaniards identify themselves as Catholics even though they are not very religious at all. Only around 18 percent of Spaniards regularly attend mass.

Spain has an extraordinary artistic heritage in every way. There were a lot of influences of foreign cultures like Romans and Arabians. The most obvious impression have being been left by architecture.

Most of the sights are in Andalusia: mosque in Cordoba, palaces like the complex Medina Azahara, Gardens Generalife in Granada and the Golden tower and Giralda in Seville.

Visit Cordoba on: www.virtourist.com/europe/cordoba/

Gardens Generalife: www.virtualtourist.com

A lot of monumental cathedrals were built in the gothic style, which are located all over Spain, for example the Cathedrals in León, Toledo, and Girona; with the biggest cathedral being in Seville.

Seville: www.sol.com

The title of the most famous Spanish architecture belongs to Antonio Gaudí, who is world renown due to Sagrada familia in Barcelona and his examples of his work, Güell’s park, La Pedrera house, etc.

Cathedral of Seville and the Archivo de Indias

Cathedral of Seville and the Archivo de Indias - source

The website of Barcelona city: www.bcn.es

Sagrada familia

Sagrada familia - source

All about Antonio Gaudí on: www.gaudidesigner.com

Spain art is represented by several great painters like Francisco de Goya (beautiful fresco paintings made for the church of San Antonio of Florida in Madrid, in 1798; Two of his most famous paintings: Maja Naked (1800-1803), Maja Clothed (1800-1803)), Pablo Picasso (African season (1907-09): Young ladies of Avignon), Salvador Dalí (Galatea of the spheres).

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso - source

Virtual gallery of Salvador Dali’s artwork, including hundreds of his paintings, a biography of his life is to see on website www.virtualdali.com

Biography and paintings of Francisco Goya: www.biography.free-people.net

Pablo Picasso paintings, prints and biography: www.picasso.com

Have you ever heard of the most internationally acclaimed Spanish filmmaker Pedro Almodóvar? His most famous films are Volver (2007), Bad Education (2004), and Talk To Her (2002).

The official website of Pedro Almodóvar: www.clubcultura.com

Museums and Galleries

Teatre-Museu Dalí in Figueres (www.dali-estate-org)

Museu Picasso in Barcelona (www.museupicasso.bcn.es)

Museo Nacional y Centro de Investigación de Altamira (www.museodealtamira.mcu.es)

Museu d’Art de Catalunya in Barcelona (www.mnac.es)

Museo Nacional de Antropologia in Madrid (www.mnantropologia.mcu.es)

Museo Arqueológico Nacional in Madrid (www.man.es)

Spanish Schools

International and foreign schools are the only schools which use English as the teaching language. If your children attend any other schools they will be taught their lessons in Spanish. www.spain-info.com