SLOVENIA - BASIC FACTS

The Republic of Slovenia lies in the heart of Europe – it is a meeting point of four major European natural areas: where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet the Pannonian plains and the mysterious Karst region. That’s what makes Slovenia a special country.

Slovenia

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The climate is continental with cold winters and warm summers, while at the coast there is a pleasant sub Mediterranean climate. The average temperatures are -2° C in January and 21° C in July. The average rainfall is 1,000 mm on the coast, up to 3,500 mm in the Alps, 800 mm in the southeast and 1,400 mm in central Slovenia. During the winter season, there is plenty of snowfall. In Slovenia, the sun shines approximately 2,000 hours per year.

Slovenia is situated in Central Europe and shares borders with Italy, Austria, Croatia and Hungary. Most towns are only a couple hours from the large European cities of Venice and Vienna. Slovenia’s eastern Alpine location and easily accessible transit routes have been crucial since the ancient days. It is very easy to get here as the country is connected to the rest of the world by a modern highway network, railway system, international airport and seaports.

The country’s topography is mostly elevated. Moving away from the coastal area, the terrain consists largely of karstic plateaus and ridges, magnificently precipitous Alpine peaks and lush basins and valleys. The highest Alpine peak in Slovenia is Mount Triglav (2,864 m) - the name meaning "three-heads". The mountain is a true national symbol. In a valley just beneath Triglav lies the idyllic Lake Bohinj and a few kilometres to the northeast, Lake Bled.

Green is the dominant colour. There are many woods and forests in Slovenia covering more then half its territory, as much as 10,124 km2. Slovenia is a homeland to more than 50,000 animal species and 3,000 plant species. The remnants of primeval forests can also be found, especially in the Kočevje area. The European brown bear still lives in these forests, and it is possible to encounter wolves, lynxes, wild boar, chamois, roe deer as well as a standard variety of small game.

Slovenia has 46.6 km of coastline - one inch per inhabitant, 26,000 kilometres of rivers and streams and some 7,500 natural water springs, including several hundred first class therapeutic mineral springs. Approximately 8% of Slovenia’s territory is a protected nature area. The caves of Škocjan were added to the world heritage List at UNESCO in 1986 and the Sečovlje Soline (Sečovlje saltpans) is included in the List of Wetlands of International Importance.