CYPRUS - CULTURE

Famous composers

  • Dr. Stylianos Atteshlis - Στυλιανός Αττεσλής, known as Daskalos) (1912-1995) was born on December 12, 1912 in Cyprus where he spent most of his life. Kyriacos Markides wrote three books about him: The Magus of Strovolos, Homage to the Sun, and Fire in the Heart. In these books, Stylianos Atteshlis was given the alias Spyros Sathi.
  • Nicolas Economou (August 11, 1953 - December 29, 1993) was a Cypriot composer born in Nicosia. His parents, who love classical music, decided to expose him to music as a creative outlet rather than a career. At the age of five, he started taking piano lessons and very soon he revealed his extraordinary talent by improvising on the piano and composing short pieces of music. He studied Special School of Music of the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow, a preparatory school for youngsters to enter the Conservatory. In December of that year, in Athens, he won the "Keti Papaioannou" Panhellenic Competition for young musicians up to the age of seventeen. Some of his compositions are: "Children Studies", "Sonata for Chick","Cyprus Pictures" and "Cyprus Dances". As a conductor he directed the distinguished Moscow Chamber Orchestra, the Bavarian Symphony Orchestra, Germany’s Youth Orchestra and the La Fenice Opera Orchestra of Venice.
  • Alkinoos Ioannidis (Greek: Αλκίνοος Ιωαννίδης) is a Cypriot composer born in Nicosia on 19 September 1969.He first wanted to study drums. Then he started to study playing guitar. At the age of 23 he recorded his first album called Stin Agora Tou Kosmou. He is one of the author of the album : called Opos Mistika Kai Isicha .At least, in April 2006, he released an album of Cypriot folk songs titled Pou Disin Os Anatolin (Greek:Πού Δύσην Ώς Άνατολήν, From West to East) with his long time violinist Miltiadis Papastamou.

Cyprus as whole is comprised of many different religion. But we can say that there are two main religions – Cypriot Orthodox Church – using the Greek liturgy (78%) in the southern part and Muslims and thus followers of Islam (18%) in the north part of the island. The rest (4 %) are the smaller religious groups of the Anglicans, Roman and Latin Christians, Armenian Orthodox, Greek Evangelic, Jews and others.

 

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Greek Orthodox Church has been main Cyprus religion from 1. Century. It still plays an important role in society. Family values are alive in Cyprus. However, church attendance is less frequent in cities. For much of the population, religion focuses on rituals at home, veneration of icons, and observance of certain feast days of the orthodox calendar. The majority of Turkish Cypriots are Muslims. They are obliged to pray five times a day - at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening.

Cyprus boasts a rich history and a varied culture. Ten byzantine churches, cities Kato Pafos and Choirokoitia are on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. Everywhere in Cyprus are very strong traditions. Almost every day has some celebration, such as a saint day.

Panigiri

Panigiri is traditional outdoors celebration held on the occasion of a saint’s name day. These celebrations are very popular among tourists.

Easter

Easter, a major day in the Greek Orthodox Church, is celebrated with respect, joy and hope. Carnival is of the most famous celebration in Cyprus as well as "Anthestiria" - Summer flower festival and Whitsun feast. During the year there held annually concert, theatre and folk festivals.

Other feast

1.1.New year

6.1. Epiphany Day

Every year different day – Green Monday (50 days before Easter)

25.3. Greek national day

1.4. Greek-Cyprus national day

Every year different day – Big Friday

Every year different day – Easter Monday

1.5. Labor Day

Every year different day – Pentecost Kataklysmos (Festival of the Flood)

15.8. Assumption Day

1.10 Independence Day

28.10 Greek national Day (Ochi Day)

24.12. Christmas Eve

25.12. Boxing Day

Education

The high standard of education is shown by the many schools and colleges existing all over the island. In Limassol there is more than ten private elementary and high schools - most of them English or Russian speaking